Depending on sperm and egg sources, different cases of surrogacy fall under different categories.
Traditional Surrogacy: In this method surrogate’s own eggs and another man’s sperm are used. It is done via artificial insemination. It is also known as Natural Surrogacy.
- Surrogacy laws & medical ethics boards in many countries, including India and USA, do not consent to this practice
Gestational Surrogacy: In this, fertilized eggs from a third party donor or the intending mother are implanted into the surrogate’s uterus. This is done by in vitro fertilization.
- Gestational Surrogacy in India could be a good option for people looking to start parenthood, but unable to do so the natural way.
The woman hired to carry the pregnancy to delivery has no genetic relationship with the embryo, which is transferred to her uterus. When done for financial reasons, the arrangement is known as commercial surrogacy.
People mostly opt for gestational surrogacy because:
- Natural (Traditional) Surrogacy is illegal in most countries.
- In case of natural surrogacy the intending mother is not genetically related to the off spring.
- Since the baby is genetically related to the surrogate in natural surrogacy, the surrogate may have potential emotional attachment with the child, and consequent reluctance to part with him. Also, it may lead to medico-legal issues.